curso de inglés

100 commonly used terms, meanings, and expressions in international business

Learn the most useful terms and expressions for international business will be beneficial for their professional development. Here’s a list of 100 commonly used terms, meanings, and expressions in international business:

  1. Acquisition – The act of one company buying another company.
  2. Assets – All the resources, such as cash, property, and investments, owned by a business.
  3. Balance sheet – A financial statement that shows a company’s assets, liabilities, and shareholders’ equity at a specific point in time.
  4. Benchmarking – Comparing a company’s performance or practices against industry standards or competitors.
  5. Board of Directors – A group of individuals elected by shareholders to oversee and make important decisions for a company.
  6. Branding – The process of creating and promoting a unique name, logo, or image for a product or company.
  7. B2B (Business-to-Business) – The exchange of goods, services, or information between businesses rather than between a business and individual consumers.
  8. B2C (Business-to-Consumer) – The exchange of goods, services, or information between a business and individual consumers.
  9. Business ethics – Moral principles and values that guide the behavior and decision-making of individuals and organizations in a business context.
  10. Cash flow – The movement of money into and out of a business, including revenue, expenses, and investments.
  11. Code of conduct – A set of guidelines or rules that outline acceptable behavior and practices within an organization.
  12. Competitive advantage – A unique feature or attribute that sets a company apart from its competitors and gives it an edge in the market.
  13. Corporate culture – The values, beliefs, and behaviors that characterize an organization and influence its employees’ actions.
  14. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) – A company’s commitment to operating in an ethical and sustainable manner while considering its impact on society and the environment.
  15. Customer relationship management (CRM) – Strategies and technologies used to manage interactions and relationships with customers.
  16. Due diligence – The process of investigating and assessing the financial, legal, and operational aspects of a business before a transaction or partnership.
  17. E-commerce – The buying and selling of goods or services over the internet.
  18. Entrepreneurship – The activity of starting, managing, and running a business, taking on financial risks in the hope of making a profit.
  19. Export – Sending goods or services to another country for sale.
  20. Financial statement – A document that summarizes a company’s financial activities, such as income, expenses, and cash flow.
  21. Globalization – The increasing interconnectedness and integration of economies, markets, and cultures on a global scale.
  22. Import – Bringing goods or services from another country for sale or use.
  23. Intellectual property – Intangible assets, such as patents, trademarks, and copyrights, that provide legal protection for original creations or ideas.
  24. Joint venture – A business partnership between two or more companies to undertake a specific project or activity.
  25. Key performance indicators (KPIs) – Quantifiable measures used to evaluate the success or performance of a business or specific goals.
  26. Leadership – The ability to guide, inspire, and influence others toward achieving a common goal or vision.
  27. Logistics – The management of the flow of goods, services, and information between the point of origin and the point of consumption.
  28. Market research – The process of gathering and analyzing data about customers, competitors, and market trends to make informed business decisions.
  29. Merger – The combination of two or more companies to form a single entity.
  30. Mission statement – A concise statement that defines the purpose and direction of an organization.
  31. Negotiation – The process of reaching an agreement through discussion and compromise.
  32. Offshoring – The practice of relocating business activities or operations to another country to take advantage of lower costs or specialized resources.
  33. Outsourcing – Contracting a third-party company to perform specific tasks or functions that were previously done in-house.
  34. Profit margin – The percentage of revenue that remains as profit after deducting expenses.
  35. Quota – A restriction or limit on the quantity of goods that can be imported or exported.
  36. Recession – A period of economic decline characterized by a decrease in economic activity, production, and spending.
  37. Return on investment (ROI) – A measure of the profitability of an investment, calculated as the ratio of net profit to the initial investment.
  38. Risk management – The process of identifying, assessing, and prioritizing potential risks and implementing strategies to mitigate or minimize them.
  39. Stakeholder – An individual or group with an interest or involvement in the activities and outcomes of a business.
  40. Supply chain – The network of organizations, resources, activities, and technologies involved in the production and distribution of goods or services.
  41. SWOT analysis – An evaluation of a company’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats to inform strategic planning and decision-making.
  42. Target market – The specific group of consumers or businesses that a company aims to reach with its products or services.
  43. Trade agreement – A formal agreement between two or more countries to reduce or eliminate barriers to trade.
  44. Value proposition – The unique benefits or value that a product or service offers to customers compared to competitors.
  45. Venture capital – Capital provided to startups or small businesses by investors in exchange for equity or ownership in the company.
  46. Vision statement – A statement that describes the desired future state or goals of an organization.
  47. Wholesaler – A business that purchases goods in bulk from manufacturers and sells them to retailers or other businesses.
  48. Brand equity – The commercial value and recognition associated with a brand name, logo, or image.
  49. Cultural sensitivity – The awareness and understanding of cultural differences, norms, and values when conducting business across different cultures.
  50. Direct investment – The investment of capital in a foreign country to establish or expand business operations.
  51. Exchange rate – The rate at which one currency can be exchanged for another.
  52. Free trade – The absence of trade barriers, such as tariffs, quotas, or restrictions, between countries.
  53. Gross domestic product (GDP) – The total value of goods and services produced within a country over a specific period.
  54. Inflation – The general increase in prices and the subsequent decrease in the purchasing power of money.
  55. Letter of credit – A document issued by a bank that guarantees payment to a seller upon presentation of specified documents.
  56. Multinational corporation (MNC) – A company that operates in multiple countries, often with production facilities, subsidiaries, and sales offices.
  57. Niche market – A small, specialized segment of a larger market with unique needs or preferences.
  58. Outsourcing – Contracting a third-party company to perform specific tasks or functions that were previously done in-house.
  59. Patent – A legal protection granted to an inventor that excludes others from making, using, or selling the invention for a specified period.
  60. Quality control – The processes and procedures used to ensure that products or services meet or exceed customer expectations.
  61. Request for proposal (RFP) – A document that outlines the requirements and specifications for a project or purchase and solicits bids from suppliers.
  62. Sales forecast – An estimation of future sales, typically based on historical data, market trends, and other relevant factors.
  63. Stock market – A market where shares of publicly traded companies are bought and sold.
  64. Tariff – A tax or duty imposed on imported or exported goods, often used to protect domestic industries or regulate trade.
  65. Unique selling proposition (USP) – A distinctive feature or benefit that sets a product or service apart from competitors.
  66. Business-to-government (B2G) – The exchange of goods, services, or information between businesses and government entities.
  67. Call to action (CTA) – A statement or instruction that encourages or prompts the reader or viewer to take a specific action.
  68. Cash on delivery (COD) – A payment method where the buyer pays for goods upon delivery.
  69. Currency exchange – The process of converting one currency into another for financial transactions.
  70. Dividend – A distribution of a portion of a company’s profits to its shareholders.
  71. Economic indicator – A statistic or data point that provides insight into the overall health and performance of an economy.
  72. EBITDA (Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization) – A measure of a company’s operating performance that excludes non-operational expenses.
  73. Gross profit – The difference between revenue and the cost of goods sold.
  74. Import duty – A tax or fee imposed on imported goods by the customs authority of a country.
  75. Intellectual property rights (IPR) – Legal rights that protect creations of the mind, such as inventions, literary or artistic works, and trademarks.
  76. Key account – A strategic or major customer that generates a significant portion of a company’s revenue.
  77. Market segmentation – The process of dividing a larger market into distinct groups based on similar characteristics or needs.
  78. Memorandum of understanding (MOU) – A non-binding agreement between two or more parties that outlines the intentions or objectives of a future partnership or cooperation.
  79. Outsourcing – Contracting a third-party company to perform specific tasks or functions that were previously done in-house.
  80. Point of sale (POS) – The location or system where a sales transaction takes place.
  81. Procurement – The process of obtaining goods, services, or works from an external source, often through purchasing or contracting.
  82. Sales lead – A potential customer or contact that shows interest in a product or service and may be a prospect for future sales.
  83. Service level agreement (SLA) – A contract between a service provider and a customer that defines the expected level of service and performance.
  84. Shareholder – An individual or entity that owns shares or stock in a company and has an ownership interest.
  85. Stock market index – A measure of the performance of a group of stocks that represent a specific market or industry.
  86. Supply and demand – The fundamental economic principle that states the price and availability of goods and services are determined by their supply and the demand from buyers.
  87. Value chain – The series of activities that add value to a product or service, from raw materials to the end customer.
  88. Arbitration – A method of resolving disputes between parties through a neutral third party who reviews the evidence and makes a binding decision.
  89. Break-even point – The point at which total revenue equals total costs, resulting in neither profit nor loss.
  90. Crowdfunding – The practice of funding a project or venture by raising small amounts of money from a large number of people, typically through an online platform.
  91. Divestment – The sale or disposal of assets, divisions, or subsidiaries by a company.
  92. Franchise – A legal and commercial relationship between the owner of a trademark, brand, or business model (franchisor) and an individual or entity (franchisee) authorized to operate under the brand.
  93. Inflation rate – The rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising and, subsequently, the purchasing power of money is falling.
  94. Letter of intent (LOI) – A document that outlines the preliminary agreement between two or more parties to pursue a specific transaction or negotiation.
  95. Marketing mix – The set of marketing tools and tactics used by a company to promote its products or services, often referred to as the “4Ps” (Product, Price, Place, Promotion).
  96. Non-disclosure agreement (NDA) – A legally binding contract that prohibits the disclosure of confidential or proprietary information to third parties.
  97. Public relations (PR) – The practice of managing the spread of information between an organization or individual and the public to maintain a positive image.
  98. Return on assets (ROA) – A measure of a company’s profitability relative to its total assets, calculated by dividing net income by total assets.
  99. Trade deficit – The situation that occurs when a country imports more goods and services than it exports.
  100. Venture capitalist – An individual or firm that invests capital in startups or high-potential companies in exchange for equity or ownership.

Remember, this list is just a starting point, and there are many more terms and expressions specific to international business. Encourage your students to explore further and stay updated on the latest developments in the field.

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